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Marionette

Traditional puppet from Liège

Traditional puppet from Liège (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This video is quite clever and funny

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Outr8-cRS8Y

History of Puppets taken from Wikipedia

Puppetry is an ancient form of performance. Some historians claim that they pre-date actors in theatre.There is evidence that they were used in Egypt as early as 2000 BC when string-operated figures of wood were manipulated to perform the action of kneading bread, and other string controlled objects. Wire controlled, articulated puppets made of clay and ivory have been found in Egyptian tombs. Marionette puppetry was used to display rituals and ceremonies using these string-operated figurines back in ancient times and is used today.

Though the Greeks left few physical examples of puppets, their literature suggests that puppetry was important. The oldest written record on puppetry can be found in the writings of Xenephon dating from around 422 BC. The Greek word usually translated as “puppets” is neurospasta, which means “string-pulling”, from nervus, meaning either sinew, tendon, muscle, string, or wire, and span, to pull. Aristotle compared pulling strings to control heads, hands and eyes, shoulders and legs. Archimedes is known to have worked with marionettes.Plat0’s work is full of references to puppeteering. The ‘Iliad’ and the ‘Odyssey’ were presented using puppetry. Herodotus wrote that during festivals to honour Osiris, female priests carried statues which had moving arms activated by strings.

In ancient Greece and Rome clay and ivory dolls, dated from around 500 BC, were found in children’s tombs. These dolls had articulated arms and legs, some of which had an iron rod extending up from the tops of their heads. This rod was used to manipulate the doll from above, exactly as is done today in Sicilian puppetry. A few of these dolls had strings in place of the rods. Some authorities believe these ancient figures were mere toys and not puppets due to their small size.

The Indian word sutradhara refers to the show-manager of theatrical performances (or a puppet-player), and also means literally “string-puller” or “string-holder”.

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One comment on “Marionette

  1. russtowne
    October 16, 2012

    That was fun. Thank you for sharing it!
    Russ

    Like

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