: The African Grey Parrot
), also known as the Grey Parrot
, is a medium-sized parrot
found in the primary and secondary rainforest
of West and Central Africa
. Experts regard it as one of the most intelligent birds
in the world. They feed primarily on palm nuts, seeds, fruits, and leafy matter, but have also been observed eating snails. Their overall gentle nature and their inclination and ability to mimic speech have made them popular pets, which has led many to be captured from the wild and sold into the pet trade
. The African Grey Parrot is listed on CITES
appendix II, which restricts trade of wild-caught species because wild populations cannot sustain trapping for the pet trade.
LongevityLike many large parrots, the African Grey is a long-lived
bird. The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database states the longest reliably recorded longevity
for the species in captivity as 49.7 years. Also acknowledged are claims of captive African Grey parrots reaching the ages of 73 and 93,
whereas the World Parrot Trust
lists a longevity of 50–60 years for an African Grey in captivity.
The Guinness Book of World Records
listed a grey parrot that allegedly lived in captivity for 72 years as the longest-lived specimen for the species.
Wild African Grey Parrots often whistle, click, or make other sounds. An African Grey’s owner should expect to hear regular renditions of microwaves, telephones, alarm clocks, video games, and other electronic sounds, as well as dripping water, wild birds, and any other sound often heard by the parrot. African Greys have even been known to repeat the profanity they heard from an owner even after they no longer live with that owner. African Greys also have the ability to mimic, and distinguish between, the different voices they hear.